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:: Primary Milk Society ::

Analyzer based AMCU functioning at Chowrangee WMPCS, Basanti block, Sundarban Milk Union Smooth milk bill payment through NEFT to individual bank account of farmers: Data from AMCU & Software Women Dairy Cooperative Society Farmers carrying milk in SS Milk Pails for pouring to the Societies


The purpose of such a society is to promote the economic interests of its members by improving quality and increasing quantity of milk production per cow or buffalo and to provide necessary guidance and assistance to its members and supply collected milk to milk unions.

The primary milk society is the foundation of the cooperative structure on the Anand Pattern. The efficiency of the movement of the milk unions and the federation solely lies in the strength of these societies.

These societies in the village level collect milk from its producer members and make periodic payment against the milk so collected. In addition, in collaboration with the district milk union, they provide various services like veterinary cover, artificial insemination, fodder etc. to its producers members.

The managing committee of the society comprises members elected by those members who are eligible to participate and vote in the general body meeting.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):-

1. What is three-tier system in the Dairy Cooperative Structure? What are the functions of each tier?

The three-tier system in the Dairy Cooperative structure consists of a Dairy Cooperative Society at the village level (Primary Dairy Cooperative Society) affiliated to a Milk Union at the District level which in turn is further federated into a Milk Federation at the State level. This structure is set up in order to delegate the various functions, milk collection is done at the Village Dairy Society, Milk Procurement & Processing at the District Milk Union and Milk & Milk Products Marketing at the State Milk Federation. This helps in eliminating not only internal competition but also ensuring that economies of scale is achieved.

2. What is the criteria for getting Membership of a Primary Dairy Cooperative Society (DCS)?

Any sane adult having one or more milch cows and is willing to pour milk to the Primary DCS can be a member of a Primary DCS.

3. What is the fee for membership?

Rs.10 is the admission fee and Rs.1 is the membership fee for a person willing to become a member of the primary DCS.

4. How many DCS members form the Primary DCS Board?

Nine members elected from the eligible voter members can form the Primary DCS Board. From among those nine elected members one member is further elected as Chairman and another one is elected as Vice-Chairman.

5. Who Registers the Primary DCS?

Managing Director, West Bengal Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation Ltd. in his capacity as Additional Registrar of Cooperative Societies registers the Primary DCS.

6. When a DCS Member can be disqualified ?

• If he or she could not pour milk 180 days in a year or less than 500 Liters of milk in a year
• If he or she functions in manner which is against the interest of the DCS
• If he or she is not sane

7. How a Milk Union Board is formed ?

Milk Union Board consists of the elected representatives (6 – 12 depending on the number of DCSs) from the Chairmen of the DCSs and one State Government Representative.

8. How a Milk Federation Board is formed ?

Milk Federation Board consists of the elected representatives from the Chairmen of the Milk Unions and one State Government Representative.


West Bengal Cooperative Milk Producers Federation Ltd